The new container must have drainage holes in the bottom so excess water can drain out. If the soil is sandy, add around 25% compost. Prepare a new pot for the cactus. You need to do this with minimal damage to the root system, which can be a challenge with mature or large plant specimens. Here's what you need to know about repotting Christmas Cactus including when & how to do it along with the best soil mix to use.Christmas Cactus, although lovely w… Christmas cactus is a jungle cactus that prefers humidity and moisture, unlike its standard cactus cousins, which require a warm, arid climate. How to Transplant Aloe Vera. For the arid Southwest, transplant in spring, summer or early fall. Transplanting & working with cactus; how I stay spine free: Steps taken: New soil should be completely dry. If it's a large cactus, a friend to help with lifting. You may not want to transplant just any cactus around your yard. Therefore, it's best to choose small pots that will allow not more than an extra inch of soil on all sides of the divided sections. Even thick leather gloves may not be enough to protect you from some species’ spines. However, if it’s below 60°F, avoid watering for at least four months so long as there’s precipitation. Carefully start digging about one foot away from the saguaro’s trunk. In northern areas, transplant in the spring. Mature cactus plants can get quite large and require professional assistance to minimize plant damage. order to transplant the cactus (Fig 13). It should form a new plant most of the time and root in 30 days. Begin by digging a trench around the plant 1 to 2 feet (.3-.6 m.) away and about 18 inches  (46 cm.) Try to plant the cactus in an area of your yard that’s similar to its original home. Many species boast thick spines or thorns that can easily pierce the skin. The new pot should be about 2 inches larger than the old one. Make sure to water your plant twice per week in warm weather for at least a month. Most cactus roots are close to the soil’s surface, so you don’t have to dig too deep. I’ll quote his advice in full for anyone else crazy enough to try moving a large agave: Agaves usually don’t mind being dug up and moved. You can transplant a mature cactus at just about any time of year, especially if you live in a warmer climate. Some tips on how to transplant a cactus without harm to you or the plant will follow. Try to leave as many roots as possible. Wrap the plant in a carpet remnant, particularly if it’s a tall, thin type that needs continuous support. It’s best to remove any damaged roots, as they can decompose and attract disease that may kill your plant. Wear protection on your chest, hands (see cactus mitts discussed later) and ‘below’. Preparation is crucial when moving a cactus plant. Select a 3- to 6-inch-long portion of the cactus for the best chances of successful rooting. Ensure the pot has at least one drainage hole, as cactus plants rot quickly in soggy soil. Some special care is required for several months after moving a cactus plant. In this case, do not water unless up to 4 months have gone by without precipitation. Choose a pot about one inch bigger in diameter than the plant's old pot; use a potting soil with a high proportion of organic matter like peat or compost, and some coarse sand added. Any commercial cactus mix or good potting soil can be made better drained by adding coarse sand or perlite; generally a one-to-one ratio of potting soil and drainage material good to start with. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! When you’ve chosen your plant, make sure to mark one side and note the orientation. If the plant is large, you may need more than two people, or even a vehicle for pulling. Remove the Plant. For this excursion, I moved two large cacti horizontally on a 40-minute highway drive. You don’t need to get the cactus all the way loose. Use your markings from before to ensure that you’re placing it in the right orientation. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window). Shovel. Within a few months, your plant should be well established and on its way to recovery from the moving process. Once you have excavated the roots, use the shovel to pry out the plant. When you move your cactus, it’s vital that the sun hits it in the same way as before. A word of caution: wild cactus cannot be harvested legally in most areas, so this information applies to cultivated cacti in the landscape only. If you’re working with a particularly heavy cactus, you may want to use two hoses and employ a partner’s help. If you haven’t already prepared your transplant site, it’s good to do so while the roots are drying. Remove your cactus from the pot (will discuss how to do it in a second) and remove any old soil from the roots. Separate the pups just below the soil surface with a knife or the edge of the spade. Learn the proper procedures on how to transplant a Saguaro cactus.From the Southwest Yard & Garden series. Don’t you just love freebies in the garden! Then start prying around the plant gently. Let the broken piece sit out for up to a week for it to get a callous on the broken off end. Without proper TLC, a newly transplanted cactus can easily die. I bought the mix and the amendments but that’s it. Mark the north-facing side of the cactus with brightly colored … If transplant takes place in spring or summer, cover the plant with shade cloth to prevent burning. Choose a stake that is as tall as the cactus and place it into the container as you place the cactus into the container. Cacti make an ideal addition to any xeriscaped or drought-resistant garden. The large ceramic pot was also left by the previous owner and had a Dracaena marginata directly planted in it which has since been transplanted also. Covering the cactus will also help to protect it from bruises and puncture wounds during transport. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. The Christmas cactus grows best when its roots are somewhat restricted. The cactus roots should air dry for a few days before installing the plant in its new location. Make sure to take care that the roots don’t get squished or damaged during this step. PRO TIP: This step works best if you cactus is fully or slightly upright (i.e. Place the cactus on your working surface and … How to Plant & Transplant Cactus Small Outdoor Cactus. Usually, around 18 inches is enough to get under the cactus’s root ball. Those that are weak or sickly have a far lower chance of surviving a move than a healthy, hardy plant. Moving cacti in the landscape, especially large specimens, can be a challenge. © 2021 Succulent Alley. By taking proper precautions, you can safely rearrange your landscaping and move cacti wherever you need for a more dramatic look. Keep the cloth in place for 3 to 4 weeks as the plant re-establishes and adapts to its new conditions. Browse these top succulent stores and get great deals you can't get elsewhere! Large barrel cacti generally need multiple people involved. Orient the cactus at the same exposure it experienced in the old planting location. Anything colder may inhibit the growth of new roots, causing the plant to wither and die. Choosing the right transplant site is just as important a consideration as picking the right cactus. You should also avoid any cacti that show yellowing, which is a common sign of sun damage, or that look gnawed on by pests. Even if you know how to transplant a large cactus flawlessly, there’s still aftercare to consider. Once you’ve dug your trench, gently pry up around the plant with a shovel to loosen it. Install a stake in the new container at the time you repot if your large cactus requires support. If you do everything correctly, cactus repay its long flowering period. Heavy leather gloves and long sleeves to protect against spines are the main safety tools when... Large Outdoor Cactus. Preparing the Cactus for Its New Pot Clean the roots. Fill soil around both the cactus roots and the stake, then tie the stake to the cactus with stretchy plant ties. Plants with large pads should be swaddled in an old blanket or something that will cushion the limbs while giving you protection from the spines. Know and how to transplant a cactus in the home – the key to his longevity. Allow the remaining healthy roots to air dry and scab over for two or more days. If you have a cactus that’s more than five feet tall, you may want to consider staking. deep. For instance, the familiar jade … deep. Then lay the callous end on cactus soil in pot and spritz with water very regularly. Set the tool in the sun to dry completely before using it. Shake off some of the old dirt from the roots before planting it in fresh cactus or succulent potting soil. If necessary, add extra irrigation in dry spots and shading in areas with too much sun. Carefully lift the plant and settle it in the correct orientation in the prepared hole. This process poses more danger to you than the plant due to the spines, thorns and other dangerous armor most of these plants possess. After a month, diminish watering frequency to every 2 to 3 weeks in summer and 2 to 3 times during winter. During this time, assess the soil and amend as needed. Carefully lift the cactus … A winter-bloomer, Christmas cactus displays flowers in shades of red, lavender, rose, purple, white, peach, cream and orange, depending on the variety. Fill in around the roots with your medium and place it in a sunny southeast or east window. In sunny weather, cover the cactus for the first month or so until the plant is established. Removing the outer leaves of a large agave plant lessens the weight during transplanting and results in a healthier looking plant. They’re attractive, easy to care for, and there are endless varieties to choose from to spice up your landscaping. Dip the blade into a mix of 1 part bleach to 9 parts water for 60 to 90 seconds. How to Transplant a Barrel Cactus By Bryn Bellamy Things You'll Need. In retrospect, I’d skip this step altogether for a horizontal transport. This video is about how to transplant a 35 year old golden barrel cactus into a new, larger pot! If they are not too heavy for a single person, you still have to deal with their girth so picking them up may end up with you having a huge cactus suddenly in your lap (painful, trust me). Break it off at the joint. On top add some fresh soil mix before you introduce your cactus. Soak if old soil doesn’t fall off easily. Wrap a thick garden hose just below the plant’s midsection, making sure it fits snugly without cutting into the plant base. Often, fence post cacti break under their own weight if not wholly supported. Mark the plant so you can situate it in the same orientation in which it is growing. Transplant the Christmas cactus into a new container that's 1 to 2 inches larger in diameter than the base of the plant or the current pot. Source: ehow.co.uk Occasionally, mature cactus plants have to be moved. On the other hand, if it has too much clay, add pumice or perlite to help with drainage. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. A larger cactus may require two people to lift safely. Transplanting Large succulents: Christmas Cactus My Great Grandmother's Christmas Cactus, ready for repotting: I have been graced to own my great grandmothers Christmas cactus. Transplanting a cactus can be done at any time of the year, but the best time is in cool weather. Dig down until you encounter several lateral roots. Only transplant healthy specimens that will have the best chance of re-establishing. Then start prying around the plant gently. So I emailed local agave expert Jeff Pavlat, president of the Austin Cactus and Succulent Society and whose beautiful garden MSS posted about recently. If you cut off the top a couple of feet below the tip of the cactus, it can be replanted right away, and should continue growing. Large, mature cacti are more resistant to changes in temperature and irrigation, so they are more likely to survive a transplant than small or young cactus plants. The best way to get the cactus out of the ground without damaging the plant or yourself is by using a hose for leverage. Take note of which direction the crown faces before moving a barrel cactus. If you are determined to take on the process yourself, consider site preparation, have several extra hands available and prepare the plant carefully to avoid harming pads, limbs and causing yourself and your helpers any pain. 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